Formally Solapur region is associated with Shivaji University,Kolhapur till 21 Jully 2004.It is 250 km away from Solapur.Because of increasing number of colleges and students in Shivaji university inconvenience faced by Solapur region. Decentralization of this education sector is necessary for effective management. This need is address by Mr.Sushilkumar Shinde (former Chief Minister of Maharashtra at that time) and Guardian Minister of Solapur District Mr.Vijaysinh Mohite–Patil and because of their efforts Solapur University is formed on 22nd July 2004.
It is started in campus of what is formally known as Post-Graduate Centre which is located at Kegaon ,9 Km away from Solapur city.Today University has 35.5 acres of land. Around 74 colleges are affiliated under it and around 60,000 students are learning in various disciplines.